Psychotherapy, also referred to as “talk therapy,” or simply therapy, is a procedure through which psychological issues are approached by interaction between an individual and a skilled clinician (Herkov, 2016).  Therapy sessions are focused, time-limited and take place weekly for 45-50 minutes for each session.

Psychotherapy consists more than just discussing one’s problems, even though most psychotherapies center discourse between the therapist and the patient.  Although family members and friends can listen and try to help an individual to feel better by giving astute guidance, that is not considered psychotherapy.  Rather, it involves a professional rapport between a clinician and a patient that rests on therapeutic procedures and precepts (Herkov, 2016).  Put simply, the sole purpose of the therapeutic relationship is for the clinician to help the patient and that relationship requires nothing except payment for the services rendered.  This is a key point, as it allows the patient the comfort of revealing anything without the concern that the information is going to be divulged outside of the office.

Therapy can take place in many forms.  The clinician can conduct individual counseling, couples counseling or family counseling.  The patient decides what he/she wants to accomplish and with the clinician’s guidance treatment goals are established.